What Is Artificial Intelligence (AI) - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript What Is Artificial Intelligence (AI) - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript


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Saturday, November 24, 2018

What Is Artificial Intelligence (AI)

 What Is Artificial Intelligence (AI)



First things first. Before digging deeper into the topic of AI, let’s briefly discuss what artificial intelligence is and how it works.
The term “artificial intelligence” dates back to 1956 and belongs to a Stanford researcher John McCarthy, who coined the term and defined the key mission of AI as a sub-field of computer science.

Basically, artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a machine or a computer program to think and learn. The concept of AI is based on the idea of building machines capable of thinking, acting, and learning like humans. 

Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science that aims to create intelligent machines. It has become an essential part of the technology industry.
Research associated with artificial intelligence is highly technical and specialized. The core problems of artificial intelligence include programming computers for certain traits such as:
  • Knowledge
  • Reasoning
  • Problem solving
  • Perception
  • Learning
  • Planning
  • Ability to manipulate and move objects
According to the father of Artificial Intelligence John McCarthy, it is “The science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs”.
Artificial Intelligence is a way of making a computer, a computer-controlled robot, or a software think intelligently, in the similar manner the intelligent humans think.
AI is accomplished by studying how human brain thinks, and how humans learn, decide, and work while trying to solve a problem, and then using the outcomes of this study as a basis of developing intelligent software and systems.

Real Life AI  Examples


❏  Self Driving Cars
❏  Boston Dynamics
❏  Navigation Systems
❏  Chatbots
❏  Human vs Computer Games
❏  Many More! 

Weak A.I.- Machines with weak Artificial Intelligence are made to respond to specific situations, but can not think for themselves.

Strong A.I- A machine with strong A.I. is able to think and act just like a human. It is able to learn from experiences.Since there are no real life examples of strong A.I. yet, the best representation would be how Hollywood portrays robots.  

Benefits of A.I.


The most important purpose of A.I. is to reduce human casualties in

➔ Wars
➔ Dangerous Workspaces
➔ Car Accidents
➔ Natural Disasters Or to just make everyday life easier by helping with tasks such as:
➔ Cleaning
➔ Shopping
➔ Transportation 

What is Intelligence?


The ability of a system to calculate, reason, perceive relationships and analogies, learn from experience, store and retrieve information from memory, solve problems, comprehend complex ideas, use natural language fluently, classify, generalize, and adapt new situations.

Regulation of AI technology


Despite these potential risks, there are few regulations governing the use AI tools, and where laws do exist, the typically pertain to AI only indirectly. For example, federal Fair Lending regulations require financial institutions to explain credit decisions to potential customers, which limit the extent to which lenders can use deep learning algorithms,

 which by their nature are typically opaque. Europe's GDPR puts strict limits on how enterprises can use consumer data, which impedes the training and functionality of many consumer-facing AI applications.

In 2016, the National Science and Technology Council issued a report examining the potential role governmental regulation might play in AI development, but it did not recommend specific legislation be considered. Since that time the issue has received little attention from lawmakers.


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