JAVA SCRIPT - Processing JSON from an Ajax Request - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript JAVA SCRIPT - Processing JSON from an Ajax Request - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript

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Thursday, January 3, 2019

JAVA SCRIPT - Processing JSON from an Ajax Request

Processing JSON from an Ajax Request


Problem

You want to format Ajax data as JSON, rather than text or XML. 

Solution

Create and initiate the Ajax request the same as for an XML or text data request. In this code, the service is a Node application, accessible at port 8080:

// ajax object
if (window.XMLHttpRequest) {
 httpRequest = new XMLHttpRequest();
}
// build request
var url = "http://shelleystoybox.com:8080";
httpRequest.open('GET', url, true);
httpRequest.onreadystatechange = getData;
httpRequest.send();

In the function to process the response, use the JSON object’s parse()method to convert the returned text into a JavaScript object:

function getData() {
 if (httpRequest.readyState == 4 && httpRequest.status == 200) {
 try {
 // Javascript function JSON.parse to parse JSON data
 var jsonObj = JSON.parse(httpRequest.responseText);
 console.log(jsonObj.list[0].name);
 } catch (e) {
 console.log(e.message);
 }
 }
}


The key to sending JSON in response to an Ajax request is to use whatever language’s version of the JSON.stringify() method to convert the object into a JSON-formatted string. In the following Node application, we can use the Node version of JSON to format the data. The MIME type for the data is also set to application/json:


var http = require('http');
// start server, listen for requests
var server = http.createServer().listen(8080);
server.on('request', function(req, res) {
 var titleList = {
 "list" : [
 { "id": "id1",
 "name": "Title One"
 },
 { "id": "id12",
 "name": "Another Value"
 },
 { "id": "id20",
 "name": "End of the Road"
 },
 { "id": "id24",
 "name": "One More"
 }
 ],
 "totalRecords": 4
 };
res.writeHeader(200, {"Content-Type": "application/json", "Access-Control-All
ow-Origin": "*"});
 res.end(JSON.stringify(titleList));
});

Processing JSON data from an Ajax request


var httpRequest;
// ajax object
if (window.XMLHttpRequest) {
 httpRequest = new XMLHttpRequest();
}
// build request
var url = "http://shelleystoybox.com:8080";
httpRequest.open('GET', url, true);
httpRequest.onreadystatechange = getData;
httpRequest.send();
function printData(element) {
 console.log(element.name);
}
function getData() {
 if (httpRequest.readyState == 4 && httpRequest.status == 200) {
 try {
 // Javascript function JSON.parse to parse JSON data
 var jsonObj = JSON.parse(httpRequest.responseText);
 jsonObj.list.forEach (function(element) {
 console.log(element.name);
 });
 } catch (e) {
 console.log(e.message);
 }
 }
}

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