PHP Classes and Objects Defining Object Constructors - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript PHP Classes and Objects Defining Object Constructors - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript

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Friday, May 24, 2019

PHP Classes and Objects Defining Object Constructors

PHP Classes and Objects




Defining Object Constructors

Problem

You want to define a method that is called when an object is instantiated. For example, you want to automatically load information from a database into an object upon creation.

Solution

Define a method named __construct():

           class user {
                 function __construct($username, $password) {
                       // ...
                 }
           }

Discussion

The method named __construct() (that’s two underscores before the word construct) acts as a constructor:

           class user {
                 public $username;

                 function __construct($username, $password) {
                       if ($this->validate_user($username, $password)) {
                           $this->username = $username;
                       }
                 }
           }

           $user = new user('Grif', 'Mistoffelees'); // using built-in constructor

For backward compatibilty with PHP 4, if PHP 5 does not find a method named __construct(), but does find one with the same name as the class (the PHP 4 constructor naming convention), it will use that method as the class constructor.

Having a standard name for all constructors makes it easier to call your parent’s constructor (because you don’t need to know the name of the parent class) and also doesn’t require you to modify the constructor if you rename your class.


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