PHP Strings Interpolating Functions and Expressions Within Strings - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript PHP Strings Interpolating Functions and Expressions Within Strings - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript

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Tuesday, May 7, 2019

PHP Strings Interpolating Functions and Expressions Within Strings

PHP Strings




Interpolating Functions and Expressions Within Strings


Problem


You want to include the results of executing a function or expression within a string.


Solution


Example  String concatenation

                print 'You have '.($_POST['boys'] + $_POST['girls']).' children.';
                print "The word '$word' is ".strlen($word).' characters long.';
                print 'You owe '.$amounts['payment'].' immediately.';
                print "My circle's diameter is ".$circle->getDiameter().' inches.';

Discussion


You can put variables, object properties, and array elements (if the subscript is unquo‐
ted) directly in double-quoted strings:

                print "I have $children children.";
                print "You owe $amounts[payment] immediately.";
                print "My circle's diameter is $circle->diameter inches.";


Interpolation with double-quoted strings places some limitations on the syntax of what
can be interpolated. In the previous example, $amounts['payment'] had to be written
as $amounts[payment] so it would be interpolated properly. Use curly braces around
more complicated expressions to interpolate them into a string. For example:

               print "I have {$children} children.";
               print "You owe {$amounts['payment']} immediately.";
               print "My circle's diameter is {$circle->getDiameter()} inches.";


Direct interpolation or using string concatenation also works with heredocs. Interpo‐
lating with string concatenation in heredocs can look a little strange because the closing
heredoc delimiter and the string concatenation operator have to be on separate lines:

               print <<< END
               Right now, the time is          
               END
               . strftime('%c') . <<< END
                 but tomorrow it will be
               END
               . strftime('%c',time() + 86400);

Also, if you’re interpolating with heredocs, make sure to include appropriate spacing
for the whole string to appear properly. In the previous example, Right now, the time
is has to include a trailing space, and but tomorrow it will be has to include leading
and trailing spaces.



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