PHP Web Fundamentals Flushing Output to the Browser - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript PHP Web Fundamentals Flushing Output to the Browser - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript

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Wednesday, May 29, 2019

PHP Web Fundamentals Flushing Output to the Browser

PHP Web Fundamentals





Flushing Output to the Browser

Problem

You want to force output to be sent to the browser. For example, before doing a slow database query, you want to give the user a status update.

Solution

Use flush():

         print 'Finding identical snowflakes...';
         flush();
         $sth = $dbh->query(
                 'SELECT shape,COUNT(*) AS c FROM snowflakes GROUP BY shape HAVING c >                    1');

Discussion

The flush() function sends all output that PHP has internally buffered to the web server, but the web server may have internal buffering of its own that delays when the data reaches the browser. Additionally, some browsers don’t display data immediately upon receiving it, and some versions of Internet Explorer don’t display a page until it has received at least 256 bytes. To force IE to display content, print blank spaces at the beginning of the page.

Example    Forcing IE to display content immediately

        print str_repeat(' ',300);
        print 'Finding identical snowflakes...';
        flush();
        $sth = $dbh->query(
                'SELECT shape,COUNT(*) AS c FROM snowflakes GROUP BY shape HAVING c >                     1');

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