PHP Files Opening a Remote File - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript PHP Files Opening a Remote File - Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript

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Tuesday, July 9, 2019

PHP Files Opening a Remote File

PHP Files 


Opening a Remote File

Problem

You want to open a file that’s accessible to you via HTTP or FTP.

Solution

Pass the file’s URL to fopen():

       $fh = fopen('http://www.example.com/robots.txt','r') or die($php_errormsg);

Discussion

When fopen() is passed a filename that begins with http://, it retrieves the given page with an HTTP/1.0 GET request (although a Host: header is also passed along to work with virtual hosts). Only the body of the reply can be accessed using the filehandle, not the headers. Files can be read, but not written, via HTTP.

When fopen() is passed a filename that begins with ftp://, it returns a pointer to the specified file, obtained via passive-mode FTP. You can open files via FTP for either reading or writing, but not both.

To open URLs that require a username and a password with fopen(), embed the authentication information in the URL as shown:

       $fh = fopen('ftp://username:password@ftp.example.com/pub/Index','r');
       $fh = fopen('http://username:password@www.example.com/robots.txt','r');

Opening remote files with fopen() is implemented via a PHP feature called the stream wrapper. It’s enabled by default but is disabled by setting allow_url_fopen to off in your php.ini or web server configuration file. If you can’t open remote files with fopen(), check your server configuration.

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