Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript: c++

Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript: c++
Showing posts with label c++. Show all posts
Showing posts with label c++. Show all posts

Tic Tac Toe in C Programming

Tic Tac Toe in C Programming

c program tic tac toe

In Student Life or as a Programing Beginning or in Interview. This is Most Fav Question and Beginning of Any Programing. The Common Question is Write a Program in C for Tic Tac Toe Game.

So Let's Start .

 In My Program I Break My All Instruction in Functions So its Easy To Understand Specificic Functions.

Tic Tac Toe Program Functions : -

1. ShowTicTacToeBoard() = Display Our Game Board With Data.
2. showGameInstruction() = Display Game Instructions.
3. IntitialIzeGame() = Initialize Our Game Board.
4. declareWinner() = Show The User Who Win. 
5. rowCrossed() = Check Row Matched.

 (E.g 1=1=1 in row)

6.columnCrossed() = Check Column Crossed

 (E.g = 1
            1
            1)

7. diagonalCrossed() = Check Diagonal Crossed 

 (E.g = 1
                1
                    1 )


8. gameOver() = Check Game is Over or Not.
9. StartGame() = Start Our Game .


Our Final Program: -



//************C Header File**********************//
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
//****Length Of Our Board i.e 3*3 so Side is 3****//
#define SIDE 3
#define CPU 1
#define PLAYER 2
#define CPUMOVE 'O'
#define PLAYERMOVE 'X'
//******Our Tic Tac Toe Board With Data*********//
void ShowTicTacToeBoard(char board[][SIDE]){
 printf("\n\n");
     
    printf("\t\t  %c | %c  | %c  \n", board[0][0],
                             board[0][1], board[0][2]);
    printf("\t\t--------------\n");
    printf("\t\t  %c | %c  | %c  \n", board[1][0],
                             board[1][1], board[1][2]);
    printf("\t\t--------------\n");
    printf("\t\t  %c | %c  | %c  \n\n", board[2][0],
                             board[2][1], board[2][2]);
  
    return;
}

//****Our First Time Instruction Board********//
void showGameInstruction(){
	printf("||============Tic Tac Toe Game==========||\n");
	printf("---Choose A Cell For Your Chance-------\n");
	printf("\n\n");
	printf("\t\t 1 | 2 | 3 \t\t\t\n");
	printf("\t\t 4 | 5 | 6 \t\t\t\n");
	printf("\t\t 7 | 8 | 9 \t\t\t\n");
	printf("\n\n");
}

void IntitialIzeGame(char board[][SIDE], int moves[])
{
	//************Intialize Random No. With Current Time From Millisec************//

    srand(time(NULL)); 
    
    //************Intial Our Tic Tae Board is Empty***************//

    //***********For Each Row Loop*************//
    for (int i=0; i<SIDE; i++)
    {
    	//*********For Each Row Column Loop (Means Cell)*****//
        for (int j=0; j<SIDE; j++)
        {
            //=====Intial There is No Any Run So it is Blank===//
            board[i][j] = ' ';

        }

    }
     
    //====With Our Chance=============
    for (int i=0; i<SIDE*SIDE; i++)
        moves[i] = i;
 
    //****Randomize The Data************//
    std::random_shuffle(moves, moves + SIDE*SIDE);
    return;
}


void declareWinner(int whoseTurn)
{
    if (whoseTurn == CPU)
        printf("COMPUTER has won\n");
    else
        printf("HUMAN has won\n");
    return;
}

bool rowCrossed(char board[][SIDE])
{
	//*********Checking Our Board Data That MAtch any Row in 3 units*****
    for (int i=0; i<SIDE; i++)
    {
        if (board[i][0] == board[i][1] &&
            board[i][1] == board[i][2] && 
            board[i][0] != ' ')

            //=======if match return true=========
            return (true);
    }

    //=============else false=========
    return(false);
}

bool columnCrossed(char board[][SIDE])
{
		//*********Checking Our Board Data That MAtch any Columns in 3 units*****
    for (int i=0; i<SIDE; i++)
    {
    	//===same as above but this time m running loop after static values===
        if (board[0][i] == board[1][i] &&
            board[1][i] == board[2][i] && 
            board[0][i] != ' ')
            return (true);
    }
    return(false);
}

bool diagonalCrossed(char board[][SIDE])
{
			//*********Checking Our Board Data That MAtch any Diagonal from right in 3 units*****
    if (board[0][0] == board[1][1] &&
        board[1][1] == board[2][2] && 
        board[0][0] != ' ')
        return(true);
         
         	//*********Checking Our Board Data That MAtch any Diagonal from Left in 3 units*****

    if (board[0][2] == board[1][1] &&
        board[1][1] == board[2][0] &&
         board[0][2] != ' ')
        return(true);
 
    return(false);
}

bool gameOver(char board[][SIDE])
{
	//==========Return if Diagonal or Column or row any match result==========
    return(rowCrossed(board) || columnCrossed(board)
            || diagonalCrossed(board) );
}

void StartGame(int whoseTurn)
{
    //=======initialize board with 3*3============ 
    char board[SIDE][SIDE];
     
     //======Intialize Moves Lenght 3*3=9 Total 9 Turn will available==== 
    int moves[SIDE*SIDE];
     
    //========Start Game============
    IntitialIzeGame(board, moves);
     
    //====== Display Instruction Before Start our Game================
    showGameInstruction();
     
    int moveIndex = 0, x, y;
     
    //=======Keep RUnning Our Till Our Game Not End===================
    while (gameOver(board) == false &&  moveIndex != SIDE*SIDE)
    {
        if (whoseTurn == CPU)
        {
            x = moves[moveIndex] / SIDE;
            y = moves[moveIndex] % SIDE;
            board[x][y] = CPUMOVE;
            printf("COMPUTER has put a %c in cell %d\n",
                    CPUMOVE, moves[moveIndex]+1);
            ShowTicTacToeBoard(board);
            moveIndex ++;
            whoseTurn = PLAYER;
        }
         
        else if (whoseTurn == PLAYER)
        {
            x = moves[moveIndex] / SIDE;
            y = moves[moveIndex] % SIDE;
            board[x][y] = PLAYERMOVE;
            printf ("HUMAN has put a %c in cell %d\n",
                    PLAYERMOVE, moves[moveIndex]+1);
            ShowTicTacToeBoard(board);
            moveIndex ++;
            whoseTurn = CPU;
        }
    }
 
    // If the game has drawn
    if (gameOver(board) == false && 
            moveIndex == SIDE * SIDE)
        printf("It's a draw\n");
    else
    {
        // Toggling the user to declare the actual
        // winner
        if (whoseTurn == CPU)
            whoseTurn = PLAYER;
        else if (whoseTurn == PLAYER)
            whoseTurn = CPU;
         
        // Declare the winner
        declareWinner(whoseTurn);
    }
    return;
}
int main(){
	StartGame(CPU);
}

Our Final Result: 

1. g++ tic_tac_toe.c
2. ./a.out

||============Tic Tac Toe Game==========||
---Choose A Cell For Your Chance-------


         1 | 2 | 3           
         4 | 5 | 6           
         7 | 8 | 9           


COMPUTER has put a O in cell 2


            | O  |  
        --------------
            |    |  
        --------------
            |    |  

HUMAN has put a X in cell 3


            | O  | X
        --------------
            |    |  
        --------------
            |    |  

COMPUTER has put a O in cell 1


          O | O  | X
        --------------
            |    |  
        --------------
            |    |  

HUMAN has put a X in cell 9


          O | O  | X
        --------------
            |    |  
        --------------
            |    | X

COMPUTER has put a O in cell 5


          O | O  | X
        --------------
            | O  |  
        --------------
            |    | X

HUMAN has put a X in cell 7


          O | O  | X
        --------------
            | O  |  
        --------------
          X |    | X

COMPUTER has put a O in cell 4


          O | O  | X
        --------------
          O | O  |  
        --------------
          X |    | X

HUMAN has put a X in cell 8


          O | O  | X
        --------------
          O | O  |  
        --------------
          X | X  | X

HUMAN has won
 
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