PHP Web Fundamentals Program: Tiny Wiki - Supercoders | Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript PHP Web Fundamentals Program: Tiny Wiki - Supercoders | Web Development and Design | Tutorial for Java, PHP, HTML, Javascript


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Friday, May 31, 2019

PHP Web Fundamentals Program: Tiny Wiki

PHP Web Fundamentals

Program: Tiny Wiki

The program puts together various concepts and implements a complete wiki system—a website whose pages are all user-editable.It follows a structure common among simple PHP programs of its type. The first partof the code defines various configuration settings. Then comes an if/else section that decides what to do (display a page, save page edits, etc.) based on the values of submitted form or URL variables. The remainder of the program consists of the functions invoked from that if/else section—functions to print the page header and footer, load saved page contents, and display a page-editing form.

The Tiny Wiki relies on an external library, PHP Markdown by Michel Fortin, to handle translating from the handy and compact Markdown syntax to HTML.

Example  Tiny Wiki

         // Install PSR-0-compatible class autoloader
                require preg_replace('{\\\\|_(?!.*\\\\)}', DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR,
                       trim($class, '\\')).'.php';

         // Use Markdown for Wiki-like text markup
         // Located at
         use \Michelf\Markdown;

         // The directory where the Wiki pages will be stored
         // Make sure the web server user can write to it
         define('PAGEDIR', dirname(__FILE__) . '/pages');

         // Get page name, or use default
         $page = isset($_GET['page']) ? $_GET['page'] : 'Home';

         // Figure out what to do: display an edit form, save an
         // edit form, or display a page

         // Display an edit form that's been asked for
         if (isset($_GET['edit'])) {
                pageFooter($page, false);
         // Save a submitted edit form
         else if (isset($_POST['edit'])) {
                file_put_contents(pageToFile($_POST['page']), $_POST['contents']);
                // Redirect to the regular view of the just-edited page
                header('Location: http://'.$_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] .                                                                    $_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'] .
         // Display a page
         else {
                // If the page exists, display it and the footer with an "Edit" link
                if (is_readable(pageToFile($page))) {
                       // Get the contents of the page from the file it's saved in
                       $text = file_get_contents(pageToFile($page));
                       // Convert Markdown syntax (using Markdown library loaded above)
                       $text = Markdown::defaultTransform($text);
                       // Make bare [links] link to other wiki pages
                       $text = wikiLinks($text);
                       // Display the page
                       echo $text;
                       // Display the footer
                       pageFooter($page, true);
                // If the page doesn't exist, display an edit form
                // and the footer without an "Edit" link
                else {
                       edit($page, true);
                       pageFooter($page, false);

         // The page header -- pretty simple, just the title and the usual HTML
         // pleasantries
         function pageheader($page) { ?>
         <title>Wiki: <?php echo htmlentities($page) ?></title>
         <h1><?php echo htmlentities($page) ?></h1>

         // The page footer -- a "last modified" timestamp, an optional
         // "Edit" link, and a link back to the front page of the Wiki
         function pageFooter($page, $displayEditLink) {
                $timestamp = @filemtime(pageToFile($page));
                if ($timestamp) {
                      $lastModified = strftime('%c', $timestamp);
                } else {
                      $lastModified = 'Never';
                if ($displayEditLink) {
                      $editLink = ' - <a href="?page='.urlencode($page).'&edit=true">Edit</a>';
                } else {
                      $editLink = '';
         <em>Last Modified: <?php echo $lastModified ?></em>
         <?php echo $editLink ?> - <a href="<?php echo $_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME']                          >">Home</a>

         // Display an edit form. If the page already exists, include its current
         // contents in the form
         function edit($page, $isNew = false) {
                if ($isNew) {
                      $contents = '';
         <p><b>This page doesn't exist yet.</b> To create it, enter its contents below
         and click the <b>Save</b> button.</p>
                <?php } else {
                      $contents = file_get_contents(pageToFile($page));
         <form method='post' action='<?php echo htmlentities($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'])              ?>'>
         <input type='hidden' name='edit' value='true'/>
         <input type='hidden' name='page' value='<?php echo htmlentities($page) ?>'/>
         <textarea name='contents' rows='20' cols='60'>
         <?php echo htmlentities($contents) ?></textarea>
         <input type='submit' value='Save'/>

         // Convert a submitted page to a filename. Using md5() prevents naughty
         // characters in $page from causing security problems
         function pageToFile($page) {
                return PAGEDIR.'/'.md5($page);

         // Turn text such as [something] in a page into an HTML link to the
         // Wiki page "something"
         function wikiLinks($page) {
                if (preg_match_all('/\[([^\]]+?)\]/', $page, $matches, PREG_SET_ORDER)) {
                      foreach ($matches as $match) {
                           $page = str_replace($match[0], '<a href="'.$_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'].
         '?page='.urlencode($match[1]).'">'.htmlentities($match[1]).'</a>', $page);
                return $page;

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